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Pacu fish are one of the main distributors of tropical seed in South America. They have powerful jaws and strong teeth that can crack open hard rainforest nuts and take them to new locations. This process is crucial to rainforest survival through diversity and regeneration.
Thousands of south Asian box turtles are hunted every year in Southern Asia to meet huge demand for food and the international pet trade, as well as for prized ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine. The wild population now risks extinction, worsened by their slow reproduction that cannot replace those being taken fast enough.
There are only 1,500 Madagascar teal living in the wild. They look similar to a female Mallard found in the UK (Anas platyrhynchos), but are instead threatened with extinction. They were once one of the island’s most common inhabitants.
These remarkable birds live in African trees eating forest fruit. They are well adapted to canopy life with long tails for balance and a special fourth toe that rotates to help them cling to branches.
Goeldi’s monkeys live in family groups of six to eight in South American rainforests. The parents and siblings keep close, rarely moving more than 15m apart (45’). Goeldi’s use a range of scents and almost 50 high-pitched calls to stay in touch and alert one another to food and predators.
In the wild, people have observed animals using natural substances in order to make themselves feel better.
These South American frogs are brightly coloured and highly poisonous. The colour alone deters many predators, but when threatened, these frogs also release deadly poisons through their skin.
As with the trade in hardwoods, the capture and sale of animals from tropical forests has become a lucrative business for some people, and is thought to be the second biggest cause of species loss after habitat destruction.
Farming isn’t solely a human activity. Other members of the animal kingdom also cultivate ‘crops’.
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